Here is the coptic binding of my journal. The binding was a little loose. I glued the signature tabs together to make it a little tighter. Maybe someone who does bookbinding can advise me on this. I did the straight coptic stitch and then put the ribbon through it. One person in my class sewed the ribbon right into the binding. Then I glued the ribbon and signature tab onto the covers and then put the sheet of paper over it. The binding was kinda loose until I glued the signatures (little tabs showing) together. There must be another way to do it.